Weingarten rights guarantee an employee the right to Union representation during an investigatory
interview. These rights, established by the Supreme Court, in 1975 in the case of J'. Weingarten Inc., must be claimed by
What is an Investigatory Interview?
An investigatory interview is one in which a Supervisor questions an employee
to obtain information which could be used as a basis for discipline or asks an employee to defend his/her conduct. If an employee
has a reasonable belief that discipline or discharge may result from what s/he says, the employee has the right to request
Examples of such an interview are:
1. The interview is part of the employer's disciplinary procedure or is a component of the
employer's procedure for determining whether discipline will be imposed.
2. The purpose of the interview is to investigate an employee's performance where discipline,
demotion or other adverse consequences to the employee's job status or working conditions are a possible result.
3. The purpose of the interview is to elicit facts from the employee to support disciplinary
action that is probable or that is being considered, or to obtain admissions of misconduct or other evidence to support a
disciplinary decision already made.
4. The employee is required to explain his/her conduct, or defend it during the interview,
or is compelled to answer questions or give evidence.
It is an obligation of the Union to educate bargaining unit employees about their Weingarten rights BEFORE an occasion
to use them arises. An employee can state to the employer that he/she wants a Union representative present. Weingarten
When an investigatory interview occurs, the following rules apply:
Rule 1 - The employee must make a clear request for Union representation before or during the interview. The employee
can't be punished for making this request.
Rule 2 - After the employee makes the request, the supervisor has 3 options. S/he must either:
1. Grant the request and delay the interview until the Union representative arrives and has a chance to
consult privately with the employee.
2. Deny the request and end the interview immediately
3.Give the employee a Choice of:
a) having the interview without representation; or
Rule 3 - If the supervisor denies the request and continues to ask questions, this is an unfair labor practice and
the employee has a right to refuse to answer.
Union Representative's Rights Under Weingarten
You are not required to merely be 'witness'. You have the right to:
1. Be informed by the supervisor of the subject matter of the interview.
2. Take the employee aside for a private conference before questioning begins.
3. Speak during the interview.
4. Request that the supervisor clarify a question so that what is being asked is understood.
5. Give employee advice on how to answer a question.
6. Provide additional information to the supervisor at the end of the questioning.
A standard statement to suggest to members is:
"If this discussion could in any way lead to my being disciplined or discharged, request
that my Union representative be present at the meeting. Without representation, I choose not to answer any questions."
The employer will be ordered to cease and desist and to post a notice. Discipline that is imposed for insisting on Weingarten
rights will be overturned. Discipline will not be overturned if the discipline was for reasons other than insistence on Weingarten
rights. Although information gained by the Employer from the employee in a meeting during which a breach of Weingarten rights
occurred, may be excluded from a hearing on the matter.
An employee has NO right to the presence of a Union representative where:
1. The meeting is merely for the purpose of conveying work instructions, training, or communicating needed
corrections in the employee's work techniques.
2. The employee is assured by the employer prior to the interview that no discipline or employment consequences
can result from the interview.
3. The employer has reached a final decision to impose certain discipline on the employee prior to the
interview, and the purpose of the interview is to inform the employee of the discipline or to impose it.
4. Any conversation or discussion about the previously determined discipline which is initiated by the
employee and without employer encouragement or instigation after the employee is informed of the action.
Even in the above four (4) circumstances, the employee can still ask for representation. Most employers will permit a representative
to attend even when not required to.